Anthropocene Alliance

FEMA has opened a comment period to hear what YOU think about the "National Flood Insurance Program's Floodplain Management Standards." Read our full letter to FEMA below. You can sign it by clicking here.


Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA-2021-2024)

Dear Administrator Criswell,

We are flood survivors, and we are angry. 

We live in cities like Detroit, Chicago, New Orleans, and New York, but also small and mid-sized towns including Playa Ponce, Borikén, Puerto Rico; Miami, Oklahoma; and Koyukuk, Alaska. 

We've witnessed death and destruction from Hurricanes Harvey, Florence, Laura, Sally, Sandy, Matthew, Irma, Delta, and Zeta, as well as from overland flooding in the Midwest. 

We've lived without electricity, running water, and secure shelter. We've heard our children cry from the absence of friends, school, and safety. And we've confronted homelessness, illness, and mind-numbing red tape from insurance companies and government agencies.

But we are also organized, and we demand change. 

We have coordinated emergency planning, helped with evacuations, piled sandbags, called in rescue teams, provided food and shelter for displaced people, run workshops about how to fill out out claims-forms, trained young people in home repairs, filed lawsuits, and run buy-out and green infrastructure programs. We have shouted, protested, and carried signs and banners. 

Now, we are responding to FEMA's Request for Information on the National Flood Insurance Program's Floodplain Management Standards for Land Management and Use, and an Assessment of the Program's Impact on Threatened and Endangered Species and Their Habitats. That's a long name, so the following five demands are as succinct as possible. (And by the way, just because we make demands, it doesn't mean we don't appreciate your efforts to improve post-disaster recovery programs: We do!)

Here are things we want -- (they are pretty simple).

1. Don't Build Where it Floods 

Irresponsible development in flood-prone areas has put people in harm's way. Developers and disreputable planners, engineers and politicians have put profit above public health and safety.

The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) has unfortunately made things worse by sanctioning the building of levees and permitting the use of fill to elevate properties. These practices facilitate building in flood zones while increasing flood risk in surrounding areas or downstream. Lax enforcement of existing regulations has enabled bad development even as flood risk keeps increasing due to climate change.

  • Prohibit construction within the 100-year floodplain.
  • Require that critical infrastructure (schools, hospitals, etc.) in the 500-year floodplain be elevated in a manner that will not adversely impact adjacent areas.
  • Ban all industry — including steel manufacture, factory farming, mining, oil refineries, and chemical plants — in the 500-year floodplain.
  • Improve monitoring, tracking, and public disclosure of communities' compliance with NFIP requirements.  Find ways to help communities comply.

2. Stop Recycling Flooded Properties 

The NFIP pays for rebuilding even after a home has been flooded over and over. These “repetitive loss” properties are responsible for a huge share of damages paid out by the NFIP. NFIP should instead prioritize mitigation measures such as elevation, home buyouts, and community relocation. Unfortunately, buyouts are too bureaucratic and take too long — the average is 5.7 years — making them useless except for the few with the money and patience to wait.

As sea level rises, there will be a need to relocate whole towns, even cities. A massive planning effort needs to begin now.

  • Government buyout programs should reflect the cost of moving to desirable areas, far from flooding, pollution, or other hazards and remove the cost-share requirement for low-income communities.
  • Increase NFIP funds to $100,000 for mitigation measures through the Increased Cost of Compliance.
  • Prepare for mass climate migration by working with impacted residents to create and support new models for relocation, creating new communities, not just houses. 

3. Disclose Flood Risk 

Before moving into a new home or community, people should know about present and future flood risks. Unfortunately, that information is often hard to find. Currently, 20 states do not require sellers to disclose a property's flood risks or past flood damages to a potential buyer. The other 30 have differing disclosure laws. Until there is a federal standard, many people will remain in the dark about their flood risks. Additionally, FEMA flood maps are often inaccurate and out of date, and don't factor in future climate change. We need better, more accurate and future oriented data and mapping if we are to mitigate future flood events.

  • Ensure that home buyers can find out about flood risks by requiring states to pass disclosure laws for them to be eligible for the NFIP.
  • Ensure that FEMA flood maps, modeling, and calculations take account of climate change, future development, and land use change.  

4. Make Flood Insurance Fair 

NFIP premiums do not adequately reflect flood risk. Many properties in high-risk areas receive subsidized rates, despite the risk of catastrophic losses. This creates fiscal exposure to the federal government, and by extension, taxpayers. Additionally, when FEMA provides below-cost flood insurance, it fails to communicate risk or incentivize mitigation. At the same time, it is essential that flood insurance be affordable and accessible to low-income households until such time that communities can be moved out of harm's way.

  • Base NFIP insurance rates on actual risk combined with means-tested affordability assistance. 
  • Increase NFIP funds to $100,000 for mitigation measures through the Increased Cost of Compliance.
  • Make buyouts attractive to homeowners by recognizing the cost of moving to desirable areas, far from flooding, pollution, or other hazards. Remove the cost-share requirement for low-income communities.

5. Protect or Restore Ecologies that Reduce Flooding 

There is growing recognition that our ecological infrastructure is highly effective at protecting communities against floods when it's intact. Therefore, protection of existing streams, floodplains, wetlands, forests, and watersheds is essential. In coastal areas, salt marshes, mangrove forests, beaches and sand dunes, and coral and oyster reefs reduce wave and storm surge height, shoreline erosion, and inland inundation. The economic benefits of protecting natural areas greatly outweigh the costs. These areas provide communities with beauty, recreation, and rest as well as protection.

  • Protect wetlands and endangered species by prohibiting construction in 100-year flood plains and strictly regulating it in 500-year flood plains. 
  • Include nature-based strategies as a mitigation strategy for Increased Cost of Compliance. Require all federal and state funded resilience projects to prioritize natural or nature-based solutions. 
  • Work with FEMA's federal counterparts to nationalize the seashore by establishing a 90,000-mile-long park that wraps the country's coastline, expand federal, state and local public lands for conservation, and recognize indigenous sovereignty. Indigenous communities have centuries (even millennia) of experience in protecting the ecological infrastructure.

We know a thing or two about flooding – so talk to us! 

The flood survivors below all believe that for our children to have a safe and healthy planet, we need to quickly end fossil fuel use and transition to an economy focused on the satisfaction of real, human needs. At the same time, provision must be made to protect individuals and communities from present and future harms due to more intense storms, rising sea levels, subsidence, bad development, and flooding. We need support, transparency, inclusiveness, and accountability to grassroots organizations. We’re already at work on these issues and we can help you do a better job helping communities recover from flooding and preventing future disasters.


Harriet Festing
Executive Director, Anthropocene Alliance




10,000 Hawks - East Haven, CT

350 Ventura County Climate Hub - Ventura, CA

Tyesha A - Brooklyn, NY

Charlotte Abbott - Kingwood, TX

Bobbye Abney - Baton Rouge, LA

A Community Voice - New Orleans, LA

Pat Acosta - South Gate, CA

Frances Acuna - Austin, TX

Adopt A House/American Venice Civic Association - Lindenhurst, NY

Deborah Aeppli - Milton, FL

Ahora, Inc. - Gurabo, PR

Alaska Institute for Climate & Energy - Homer, AK

Rosa Alvarez - Clute, TX

American Venice Civic Association - Lindenhurst, NY

Mary Anders - Conway, SC

William W. Anderson - Richland Center, WI

Tanya Andrews - Pensacola, FL

Nancy Applegate - Bushnell, FL

Natalia Arcila - Saint Petersburg, FL

Alex Arduini - Pensacola, FL

Martha Arencibia - Paterson, NJ

Stephanie Bailey - Pensacola, FL

Linda Baker - Saint Louis, MO

Allan Bankes - Pace, FL

Deb Bankes - Milton, FL

Michael Bankson - Truth or Consequences, NM

Jeanie Barajas - Fort Worth, TX

Carol Barnett - Friendswood, TX

Robert Barnett - Navarre, FL

Tanya Barnett - Myrtle Beach, SC

Melissa Barragan - Taylorsville, UT

Ann Baughman - Brutus, MI

Bayou City Waterkeeper - Houston, TX

Sheelah Bearfoot - Orinda, CA

Terry Van Bell - Baldwin Harbor, NY

Betty Benton - Conway, SC

Beatrice Bernier - Charleston, SC

Richard Bertsch - Ocean City, NJ

Kristene Biglieri - Reno, NV

Brian Bird - Fenton, MO

Amber Bismack - Brighton, MI

Margaret Blackmer - Charleston, SC

Emily Blechman - Houston, TX

Spencer Blomquist - Cantonment, FL

Susan Bohanon - Forest Park, IL

William Bour - Ashburn, VA

Daniel Bowen - Gulf Breeze, FL

James Bradley - Charleston, SC

Barbara Brass - Roseville  CA

Carol Bratcher - Reno, NV

Randy Braud - Humble, TX

Koreen Brennan - Brooksville, FL

Stacie Brittain - Longs, SC

Nancy Craig Brice - Gulf Breeze, FL

Elaine Britt - Houston, TX

Doris Brown - Houston, TX

Janet Brown - Navarre, FL

Michael Brown  - Greenville, SC

Ken Brussel - Lindenhurst, NY 

Lynette Bullock - Loris, SC

Thomas Burkart - La Crosse, WI 

Robin Burton - Lincoln Park, MI

Brad Butler - Gulf Breeze, FL

Marianna Butler - New Orleans, LA

James Byrd - Myrtle Beach, SC

CA Dem Party Environmental Caucus - Berkeley, CA

Cahaba River Society - Birmingham, AL

Kelly Caillouet - Pensacola, FL

David Caicedo - Miami, FL

Madeleine Calvi - Woodland Hills, CA

Debra Campbell - New Orleans, LA

Emily Caponigro - Little Egg Harbor, NJ

Don Carpenter - Arnaudville, LA

Ann and Tom Carr - Watsonville, CA

Robert Cassell - Orange, VA

Kathleen Caveney - Midlothian, IL

Center for Neighborhood Technology - Oak Park, IL

Sabrina Chapa - Philadelphia, PA

Kathryn Chapman - Kingwood, TX

Sherry Chapman - Milton, FL

Willane Charles - Richwood, TX

Dennis Chestnut - Washington, DC

Dorothy Chiapelas - Desoto, MO

Marthajane Christensen - Myrtle Beach, SC

Melissa Christopher - Folsom, CA

Laura Ciccone - Lindenhurst, NY

Citizens Committee for Flood Relief - De Soto, MI

Citizens Resistance At Fermi Two (CRAFT) -  Redford, MI

Donna Clardy - Longs, SC

Patricia Clay - St. Louis, MO

Community In-Power and Development Association Inc. - Port Arthur, TX

Juana Countryman - Port Arthur, TX

Amanda Cox - Chesterfield, MO

Del Crumbaugh - Joplin, MO

Cronce Daniel - Pace, FL

Leslie Cunningham - Madison, WI

Dana Daniels - De Soto, MO

Claudette DArrigo - Highlands, NJ

Billie M. Davidson - Milton, FL

Dianne Davis - Dexter, OR

Tinkcom Dawn - Egg Harbor Township, NJ

Janiss Dean - Fulshear, TX

Jesse Deer In Water - Redford, MI

Brigetta Demeglio-Menzoff - Myrtle Beach, SC

Darlene Demi - Myrtle Beach, SC

Laraine Deutsch - Naples, FL

Jerry Dickinson - Conway, SC

Jan Dietrick - Ventura, CA

Sandy Dimick - Gulf Breeze, FL

John Dobransky - Loris, SC

Long Donna - Milton, FL

Julia Donoho AIA ESQ GC - Healdsburg, CA

Ward Doris - Little River, SC

Alicia Douglas - Gulf Breeze, FL

William Drane - Gulf Breeze, FL

Theresa Dulken - North Charleston, SC

Brian Dunn - Milton, FL

Will Dunn - Jacksonville, FL

Dawne Dunton - Myrtle Beach, SC

Robert Durrin - Ellijay, GA

Phillip Dustan - Johns Island, SC 

Martin Early - Navarre, FL

Peter Edelen - Catonsville, MD

Katherine Egland - Gulfport, MI

Sunday Eisermann - Watseka, IL

Ken Engelman - Branford  CT

Dorette English - Martinez, CA

Steven Emerman - Spanish Fork, UT

Dakota Erikson - Myrtle Beach, SC

Esc. Co. Democratic Environmental Caucus of Florida - Pensacola, FL

Monica Esparza - Richmond, VA

Tommy Everhart - Lexington, NC

Tom Everson - Richland Center, WI

Bill Fairbanks - Anacortes, WA

Cathy Fallon - Babylon, NY

Lynn Feehan - Pensacola, FL

Elysa Ferrara - Myrtle Beach, SC

Matthew Fistler - Minneapolis, MN

Flood Defenders - Pensacola, FL

Flood Survivors - Milton, FL

Flood Victims of Richwood TX

Florida Student Power Network - Miami, FL

Cheryl Fontaine - Lancaster, PA

Linda Fraboni - Myrtle Beach, SC

Larry Franks - Issaquah, WA

FreshWater Accountability Project - Grand Rapids, OH

Freshwater Future - Petoskey, MI

Steve Fries - Mantua, NJ

Holly Fulford - Pensacola, FL

Patrick Gardner - Myrtle Beach, SC

David Gibson - Fort Walton Beach, FL

Michele Gielis - New Orleans, LA

Kathy Gillespie - Milton, FL

Glynn Environmental Coalition - Brunswick, GA

Debbie Godlove - Milton, FL

Debbie Godman - Myrtle Beach, SC

Karen Gogol - Gulf Breeze, FL

Cheren Goodwin - Houston, TX

Zbigniew Grabowski - Canton, CT

Deborah Graham - Loris, SC

Steve Green - Johns Island, SC

Lyda Liz Greene - Longs, SC

Groundswell Charleston - Charleston, SC

Michael Guillory - Gulf Breeze, FL

Kathleen Gullo - Lindenhurst, NY

Mary Gutierrez - Fort Walton Beach, FL

Monica Guzmán - Austin, TX

Camille Hadley - Palm Bay, FL

Daniel Halfpenny - Conway, SC

Elizabeth Hall - Washington, DC

Gayle Hall - Milton, FL

Julia Hamel - Oak Park, IL

Julie Hansen - Freeman, SD

Alana Haroskewicz - East Haven, CT

Leatra Harper - Grand Rapids, OH

Kelly Harris - Massapequa, NY

Dara Hartigan - Gulf Breeze, FL

Kathy Hawkins - Colorado Springs, CO

Healthy Gulf - New Orleans, LA

Rachel Heerema - East Haven, CT

Franny Henty - Charleston, SC

Catherine Heyne - Albuquerque, NM

Martha Hicks - Milton, FL

Higher Ground Pensacola - Pensacola, FL

Frances Hinely - Pensacola, FL

Jerrie Hinson - Henderson, NV

Tina St Clair Hirsch - Baton Rouge, LA

Kathryn Hoffman - Mays Landing, NJ

Tammy Holt - Reno, NV 

Gloria Horning - Pensacola, FL

Horry County Rising - Conway, SC

Barbara Howe - Pensacola, FL

Vanessa Ingrao - Long Beach, NY

Michele Insinga - Lindenhurst, NY

Lemons James - Martinsville, IN

Abe Jenkins - Charleston, SC

Rebecca Jim - Miami, OK

Don Jodrey - Chicago, IL

Joanna Johannes - Gulf Breeze, FL

Kathleen Johnson - Lincoln Park, MI

Jacqueline Jones - Reidsville, GA

Susan Kane - East Wenatchee, WA

Katie Katz - Houston, TX

Mary Kelleher - Fort Worth, TX

Hilton Kelley - Port Arthur, TX

Kimberly Kennedy - Sumas, WA

S. Kennedy - New Milford, CT

Gayle Killen - Ellicott City, MD

Kyle Killough - Navarre, FL

Moriah Kinberg - Jersey City, NJ

Mary King - Gulf Breeze, FL

Deborah Kizer - Houston, TX

Will Kiser - Houston, TX

Samantha Cocco-Klein - Brooklyn, NY

Saundi McClain-Kloeckener - University City, MO

Susie Knight - Gulf Breeze, FL

Margaret Koelling - Melbourne, FL

Christine Von Kolnitz - Mount Pleasant, SC

Jenni Koontz - Gulf Breeze, FL

Kathleen Kopsic - Myrtle Beach, SC

Deborah Krukonis - Fortuna, CA

Melissa Krupa - Myrtle Beach, SC

Ron Kunkle - Navarre, FL

Romy LaCour - New Orleans, LA

Sharon Lambert - Watseka, IL

Cathy Lathrop - Centuria, WI

Michael LaTurno - Affton, MO

Charles Lauterbach - Clifton, IL

Etta Lawlor - Navarre, FL

JD Lawlor - Navarre, FL

Monica Leavitt - San Francisco, CA

David Leece - Bay City, MI

Lemmon Valley Flood Relief/Assistance - Reno, NV

Lemmon Valley Swan Lake Recovery Committee - Reno, NV

Local Environmental Action Demanded -  LEAD Agency, Inc. - Vinita, OK

LP North End Flooding - Lincoln Park, MI

Justine Lefort - Milton, FL

Vincent Lehotsky - Myrtle Beach, SC

Madalyn Lejeune - Navarre, FL

Lemmon Valley Flood Relief/Assistance - Reno, NV

Oreva Lessard - Milton, FL

Michele Libertella - Lindenhurst, NY  

Jessica Liggon - Georgetow,  SC

Robert Liley - De Soto, MO

Susan Liley - De Soto, MO

Nicole Lindner - Oak Park, IL

Rita Lindstrom - Elmhurst, IL

Rhonda Linke - Navarre, FL

Little Growers Inc - Palm Bay, FL

Ann Livingston - Gulf Breeze, FL

Marie Locklin - Gulf Breeze, FL

Louisiana Green Corps - New Orleans, LA

Kim Lovin - Conway, SC

LP North End Flooding - Lincoln Park, MI

David Lucas - De Soto, MO

Diane Lueck - Gulf Breeze, FL

Krysia Lynes - Houston, TX

Zieler Lynne - Kingwood, TX

Susan Lyons - Charleston, SC

Jean Magee - Oak Park, IL

Wallis Mahute - Milton, FL

Elizabeth Major - Gulf Breeze, FL

Malach Consulting - Spanish Fork, UT

Rebecca Malpass - New Orleans, LA

Jan Mannone - Malden, MA

Elisabeth Martin - New Smyrna Beach, FL

Ryan Mattingly - New Orleans, LA

Willis Mattison - Osage, MN

David Mawhinney - Milton, FL

Ashley McCormick - Pace, FL

Dimitra McCabe - Fort Defiance, AZ

Iris McCormick - Forest Park, IL

Margaret Mccoy - Chicago, IL

Mary Ann McDonald - Sacramento, CA 

Carolyn McDonnell - Navarre, FL

Kelly McGinnis - La Grange Park, IL

Taylor McKie - La Jolla, CA

Irma McKinney - Clute, TX

Kevin McKinney - Richwood, TX

Lisa McLaughlin - Florence, SC

Kerri Mclean - Micanopy, FL

Thomas McMillan - Lincoln Park, MI

Rosario Medina - Seattle, WA

Whitney Menary - East Haven, CT

Caleb Merendino - Fort Lauderdale, FL

Janet Merritt - Lindenhurst, NY

Michael Merwitz - Cedarhurst, NY

Kristy Meyer - Petoskey, MI

Pamela Miller - Anchorage, AK

Susan Milliken - Charleston, SC

MISSA - Martinsville, IN

Jennifer Mokos - Myrtle Beach, SC

Roseanne Monfardini - Ocean City, NJ

Pamela Waldron-Moore - Kenner, LA

Carmela Morgenroth - Milton, FL

Almarosa Russo-Morey - Reno, NV

Patricia Morrow - Angleton, TX

Renae Moyers - Gulf Breeze, FL

Deborah Mozert - Milton, FL

Toni Mulkey - Conway, SC

Lucy Nadeau - Yulee, FL

Donna Nelson - Conway, SC

Angela Nevin - Menifee, CA

Vincent Noa - Gulf Breeze, FL

Codi Norred - Decatur, GA

Gloria Novak - Houston, TX

Tanya Nowlin - Lafayette, LA

Ocean City NJ Flooding Group - Ocean City, NJ

Jane Ochsenbein - Myrtle Beach, SC

April OLeary - Conway, SC

Deborah Olmstead - Friendswood, TX

Tracy Ondo - Royersford, PA

Steve Ongerth - Richmond, CA 

Carolyn Orchard - Gulf Breeze, FL

Richard Orr - Saint Charles, MO

Pricilla Ortiz - Lake Jackson, TX

Christina Ortland - Gulf Breeze, FL

Kim Osborne - Everson, WA

Sherri Page - Watseka, IL

Ronnie Painter - Navarre, FL

Brandi Palmer - De Soto, MO

Michael Paoli - Chicago, IL

Gerald Paris - Milton, FL

Connie Parrish - Myrtle Beach, SC

Robert Parrish - Gulf Breeze, FL 

James Patrick - Gulf Breeze, FL

Monica Lewis-Patrick - Detroit, MI

Nicholas Patrick - Gulf Breeze, FL

Elizabeth Pavelick - Gulf Breeze, FL

Margaret Peery - Charleston, SC

Jon Pelle - Silver Grove, KY

Vincent Peloso - Fortuna, CA

Kimberly Perry - Charleston, SC

Jack Pfiester - Navarre, FL

Julie Phillips - Longs, SC

Alfred Picardi - Gulf Breeze, FL

Pamela Piffard - Bay Shore, NY 

Karen Piscopo - Lindenhurst, NY

Joe Podgor - Hialeah, FL

Donald Politte - De Soto, MO

Cathy Poole - Pace, FL

Ilana Porzecanski - Gulf Breeze, FL

Tammie Potts - Pawleys Island, SC

Linda Puig - Mount Pleasant, SC

Risa Rabang - Sumas, WA

Juanita Radominski - Pensacola, FL

Edward Ragan - West Islip, NY

Edward Ramirez - Houston, TX

Sarah Randolph - Pensacola, FL

Bridg Rauch - Buffalo, NY

Kelly Rauch - Chicago, IL

John Raymund - Myrtle Beach, SC

Anne-Marie Read - Shelton, WA

Dennis Read - Lebanon, MO

D'Anna Redleski - Pensacola, FL

Theda Reed - Midlothian, IL

Reidsville Georgia Community Floods - Reidsville, GA

Kim Reininger - Gulf Breeze, FL

Renewal of Life Trust - Richmond, VA

Residents Working Against Huron River Flooding - Brighton, MI

Carmen Reynolds - Navarre, FL

Kristina Richardson - Houston, TX

Whitney Richardson - Chicago, IL

Richwood Advisory Council - Richwood, TX

Peggy Rinehart - Louisville, KY

Ruth Robert - Gulf Breeze, FL

Angelina Robison - Milton, FL

Donna Robinson - Reno, NV

Gloria Rodriguez - Oak Park, IL

Martha Rodríguez - Richwood, TX

Saralin Rose - Gulf Breeze, FL

Rosewood Strong - Myrtle Beach, SC

Denise Ross - Reno, NV 

Angela Rossi - Elmhurst, IL

Nancy Anne Rowe - Lafayette, LA

Katherine Rudolph - Navarre, FL

Katherine S - Pittsburgh, PA

Cynthia Santos - Pensacola, FL

Cynthia Sarthou - New Orleans, LA

Saving Island Green - Myrtle Beach, SC

Save James Island - Charleston, SC

Save our Soundside - Gulf Breeze, FL

Nancy Scheepbouwer - Nooksack, WA

Robert Scheierl - Grand Rapids, MN

Kristen Schlemmer - Houston, TX

Anne Shaffer - Port Angeles, WA

Michele Shanklin - DeSoto, MO

Arlette Sherrill - Myrtle Beach, SC

Kevin Shockey - Gurabo, PR

Stone Shoshanah - Anchorage, AK

Maria Silva - Denham Springs, LA

Carmela Simmons - Cypress, TX

Joyce Simpson - Gulf Breeze, FL

Enid Sisskin - Gulf Breeze, FL

Cindy Slinger - De Soto, MO

Ceal Smith - Homer, AK

Jerry Smith - Charleston, SC

Jim Smith - Friendswood, TX

Michelle Smith - Port Arthur, TX

Ted Smith - San Jose, CA

Art Smoker - Mars Hill, NC

Cindy Sobieski - Navarre, FL

Southern United Neighborhoods - New Orleans, LA

Sacha Spector - Sleepy Hollow, NY

Alicia Squires - Watseka, IL

Justin Sparkman - Clute, TX

Kellie Sparks - Pensacola, FL

Karen Summers - Myrtle Beach, SC

Daniel Stanford - Milton, FL

Todd Stevenson - Athens, GA

George Still - Reno, NV

Sandra Stob - Pace, FL

Stop Elmhurst Flooding - Elmhurst, IL

Terri Straka - Myrtle Beach, SC

Lindsay Strickland - Clayton, NC

Grace Strong - Ironwood, MI

Kathleen Sullivan - Elmhurst, IL

Shanmin Sultana - Warren, MI

Sustaining Way - Greenville, SC

DeOnna Sutton - Conway, SC

Sarah Swisher - Myrtle Beach, SC

Hoang Tao - Metairie, LA

Catherine Talbott - Herrin, IL

Alexis Terry - West Haven, CT

Kathleen Terry - De Soto, MO

The Alliance for the Great Lakes - Chicago, IL

The River Project - Studio City, CA

The Water Collaborative of Greater New Orleans - New Orleans, LA

Dayna Thomas - Minneapolis, MN

Jessica Thompson - New York, NY

Olivia Thompson - Charleston, SC

Rachael Thompson - Brunswick, GA

Ronald Tobia - Ocean City, NJ

Lita Toney - Lincoln Park, MI

Walter Toney - Lincoln Park, MI

Michelle Topazio - Cleveland, OH 

Judith Trask - De Soto, MO

Igor Tregub - Berkeley, CA

Elizabeth Treston - Long Beach, NY

Venessa Truesdale - Pensacola, FL

Mai Truong - Kingwood, TX

Ray Uriarte - Murrieta, CA

Elle Vanderschuur - Ashland, NH

Sarah Van Riper - Friendswood, TX

Lorena Venegas - East Haven, CT

Chelsea Vukovich - Anchorage, AK

Sarah Wade - Summerville, SC

David Walby - Gulf Breeze, FL

Brant Walker - Denham Springs, LA

Cheryl Walker - Gulf Breeze, FL

Tom Wallace - Martinsville, IN

Beth Walter - Navarre, FL

Ellen Ward - Gulf Breeze, FL

Gabriella Velardi-Ward - Staten Island, NY

Waterway Advocates - Fort Lauderdale, FL

Blake Weber - Friendswood, TX

Barbara Weckesser - Pascagoula, MS

Ben Wegleitner - Birmingham, AL

Jocelyn West - Boulder, CO

We the People of Detroit - Detroit, MI

Karen Wetzel - Watseka, IL

Whatcom County Strong - Sumas, WA

Whispering Pines Concerned Citizens - Navarre, FL

Thomas Wichers - Navarre, FL

Lynn Williams - Sumas, WA 

Drew Williams-Clark - Oak Park, IL

Paul Williford - Navarre, FL

Betty Wilson - Pensacola, FL

Lawrence Wilson - De Soto, MO

Mary Wilson - Naples, FL

Mickye Wilson - Angleton, TX

Thad Wilson - Myrtle Beach, SC

Melanie Winter - Studio City, CA

John Wolfner - Fenton, MO

Amelia Wood - Conway, SC

Heather Woods - Humble, TX

Megan Worstell - Catonsville, MD

Ana Zimmerman - Charleston, SC

ZL Mary's Mantle Ministries - Baton Rouge, LA